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Korean Napa Cabbage Kimchi

  • Author: Seonkyoung Longest


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For Salted Cabbage

  • 3 cups Korean kimchi sea saltor flake sea salt
  • 3 Large size(alb. to 6lb.) Napa Cabbages, total about 18 lb, quartered
  • 24 cups Room temperature water

For Kimchi Paste

  • 2 1/4 cup water
  • 4 oz. Dried pollack (approximately 1/4 cup)
  • 1 Sheet of 5”x 5”dried seaweed (Konbu/Dahsima)
  • 1 dried shiitake mushrooms
  • 1/4 cup sweet rice flour
  • 1 1/4 cup Good quality fish sauce
  • 3 Tbs. Korean salted shrimp (Saewoo-Jeot. You can substitute to Thai fermented shrimp paste)
  • 1 Tbs. Sugar
  • 1 Tbs. Kosher sea salt
  • 25 Garlic cloves (approximately 2/3 cup)
  • 1 Thumb size ginger, sliced (approximately 1 1/2 Tbs.)
  • 1/2 Onion, quartered (approximately 1cup)
  • 1 Apple, quartered & seeded (approximately 1 1/2 cup)
  • 3 to 5 Red chili, roughly sliced (approximately 1 1/2 cup)
  • 3 cupsgochugaru, Korean red pepper flakes

For Kimchi Filling Vegetables

  • 1 Medium size(2lb.) Korean radish, thinly julienne (approximately 8 cups)
  • 6 to 8 Green onions, cut in halves lengthwise then cut into 1” long pieces (approximately 2 1/2 cup)

Optional choices of Vegetables (You can add these in this recipe or skip it)

  • 1 bunch of Korean mustard, cut into 1” long pieces (approximately 4 cups)
  • 1 bunch Water parsley(water celery Minari), cut into 1” long pieces (approximately 2 cups)
  • 1 bunch Garlic chive, cut into 1” long pieces (approximately 2 cups)

Special Tools


Salted Cabbage

  1. Separate salt to two parts, 1/4 cup and 3/4 cup, and wet your cabbage with water. In your sink or XXL size basin add 24 cups water and 2 1/4 cup sea salt and stir to let salt dissolve into water.
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  2. Grab a quartered cabbage and sgprinkle remaining salt every layer of cabbage, a small pinch at a time. Make sure most of salt to be on stem part. Repeat and place in a clean sink or a large basin until all the cabbage’s done and salt is gone. If you need more salt, use 1Tbs. at a time, but trying to stick with the amount of this recipe calls.
    [url href=”http://seonkyounglongest.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Screen-Shot-2014-11-03-at-2.42.04-AM1.png”][/url] [url href=”http://seonkyounglongest.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Screen-Shot-2014-11-04-at-9.47.28-AM1.png”][/url]
  3. Pour salted water we made earlier over cabbages. Salt down cabbage for about 7 to 9 hours if it’s 60 degrees and below(fall to winter time), 4 to 5 hours if it’s 60 degrees and higher(summer time). Rotate cabbages to salt evenly, once or twice of whole entire process of salting.
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  4. Check if the cabbage has salted enough by bending the thick stem part. If it snaps, it’s not ready so soak more, if it bends nicely then it’s ready to rinse.
    [url href=”http://seonkyounglongest.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Screen-Shot-2014-11-04-at-9.48.45-AM1.png”][/url][url href=”http://seonkyounglongest.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Screen-Shot-2014-11-04-at-9.49.08-AM1.png”][/url]
  5. Rinse at least 3 times throughly and move to large strainer and drain about an hour before fill up with kimchi filling.
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Kimchi Paste

  1. Meanwhile, let’s make kimchi paste! In a small sauce pan, add water, dried pollack, seaweed and shiitake. Bring it to boil, reduce heat to medium low and simmer for 5 minutes.
    [url href=”http://seonkyounglongest.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Screen-Shot-2014-11-04-at-1.45.49-PM.png”][/url] [url href=”http://seonkyounglongest.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Screen-Shot-2014-11-04-at-1.46.02-PM.png”][/url]
  2. Remove from heat and take solid ingredients out. Check if broth is 2cups. If it’s less, add water to make 2 cups.
    [url href=”http://seonkyounglongest.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Screen-Shot-2014-11-04-at-1.46.19-PM.png”][/url]
  3. Return to heat, add rice flour and whisk. Bring it to soft boil over medium high heat and keep whisking, about 2 minutes. Cook rice flour is very important process, it depends how kimchi will ferments later on. Remove from heat and cool completely.
    [url href=”http://seonkyounglongest.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Screen-Shot-2014-11-04-at-1.46.52-PM.png”][/url] [url href=”http://seonkyounglongest.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Screen-Shot-2014-11-04-at-1.47.27-PM.png”][/url]
  4. In a blender add all ingredients for kimchi paste as well as rice flour porridge but except Gochugaru(Korean red pepper flakes- we don’t want them to break down too much). Blend away until it has combined well and smooth.
    [url href=”http://seonkyounglongest.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Screen-Shot-2014-11-04-at-1.48.11-PM.png”][/url] [url href=”http://seonkyounglongest.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Screen-Shot-2014-11-04-at-1.48.42-PM.png”][/url]
  5. Before get our hands get red(get it? lol), cover your kimchi container with plastic cookie/treat bag or 2.5 gallon ziplock bag to prevent kimchi’s smell/color soak in to container. It will prevent the kimchi’s strong smell to take over your refrigerator as well. 😉
    In a XL basin or mixing bowl, combine kimchi paste, Gochugaru and filling vegetables with your hand(please wear a pair of glove, it’s spicy!).
    [url href=”http://seonkyounglongest.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Screen-Shot-2014-11-04-at-1.48.47-PM.png”][/url] [url href=”http://seonkyounglongest.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Screen-Shot-2014-11-04-at-1.48.53-PM.png”][/url][url href=”http://seonkyounglongest.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Screen-Shot-2014-11-04-at-1.49.06-PM.png”][/url] [url href=”http://seonkyounglongest.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Screen-Shot-2014-11-04-at-1.49.32-PM.png”][/url]
  6. Take one quarter of cabbage at a time, hold cabbage with left hand, and grab filling with right hand. Brush down inside of salted cabbage with filling and leave some vegetable pieces, not too much but not too less- just enough. (Please watch my tutorial video for this part to understand better.) Switch the hands if you are left handed. Wrap nice and tight and place to prepare container. Repeat until cabbage and filling has gone.
    [url href=”http://seonkyounglongest.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Screen-Shot-2014-11-04-at-1.50.09-PM.png”][/url] [url href=”http://seonkyounglongest.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Screen-Shot-2014-11-04-at-1.50.55-PM.png”][/url] [url href=”http://seonkyounglongest.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Screen-Shot-2014-11-04-at-1.53.04-PM.png”][/url] [url href=”http://seonkyounglongest.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/Screen-Shot-2014-11-04-at-1.53.29-PM.png”][/url]
  7. Tie plastic bag first with a rubber band and lose container with lid tightly. Place kimchi on your counter for 24 to 40 hours and then place to a refrigerator.
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    Enjoy homemade kimchi at home!